amphoteric polyacrylamide/pam high molecular weight for fracking as a friction reduction
Amphoteric Polymer & Polyacrylamide Flocculants（PAM）- Sinofloc
1. Industrial water treatment Amphoteric polyacrylamide has been widely used for industrial water treatment, oil refinery plants and mining etc. Amphoteric polyacrylamide has a better performance and efficiency than the mono-ionic polyacrylamide, especially when the water condition is complicated, or the water condition is keep changing, because its ability to decrease the surface tension of
Molecular Weight of Amphoteric Polyacrylamide: How it is
Amphoteric polyacrylamide (AmPAM) is a linear water-soluble polymer that has been applied in papermaking as an agent for flocculation, retention, filtration, and dry-strength improvement. However, AmPAM with different ranges of molecular weight (MW) have different properties in these processes.
Molecular weight of amphoteric polyacrylamide: How it is
"Molecular weight of amphoteric polyacrylamide: How it is influenced by the variables in synthesis, and its impacts on the dry strength of paper sheets," BioRes. 11(2), 3709-3718. Abstract Amphoteric polyacrylamide (AmPAM) is a linear water-soluble polymer that has been applied in papermaking as an agent for flocculation, retention, filtration
AMPHOTERIC POLYACRYLAMIDE - CHINAFLOC
3, lowering resistance: PAM can effectively reduce fluid friction, the water can be added to trace PAM 50-80% reduction in resistance. 4, thickening: PAM have a thickening effect under neutral and acid conditions, when the PH value above 10 PAM easy hydrolysis. When semi-mesh structure, thickening more obvious. PAM usage instructions
Preparation and properties of amphoteric polyacrylamide
Amphoteric polyacrylamide (AmPAM) was prepared successfully through seeded dispersion polymerization with acrylamide, methacrylatoethyl trimethyl ammonium chloride and acrylic acid as comonomers in ammonium sulfate solution. It was characterized by 1 H nuclear magnetic resonance (1 H NMR) and elemental analysis. The particle morphology and
Polyacrylamide degradation and its implications
High molecular weight (106–3 × 107 Da) polyacrylamide (PAM) is commonly used as a flocculant in water and wastewater treatment, as a soil conditioner, and as a viscosity modifier and friction
Polyacrylamide in hydraulic fracturing fluid causes severe
Molecular weight (MW) distributions of PAM in the fracturing fluid and flowback water were evaluated by conventional size exclusion chromatography (SEC) using a Waters HPLC 1515 system and a Shodex SB-806M HQ aqueous SEC column with 0.05 M Na 2 SO 4 as the mobile phase at a flow rate of 0.5 mL/min.
Synthesis of super high molecular weight copolymer of AM
Super high molecular weight copolymers of AM/NaA/AMPS were prepared by oxidation–reduction [OR-P(AM/NaA/AMPS)] and controlled radical polymerization [CR-P(AM/NaA/AMPS)]. The resulting copolymers were fully characterized, and the reaction conditions for their preparation were optimized. OR-P(AM/NaA/AMPS), CR-P(AM/NaA/AMPS), and conventional partially hydrolyzed polyacrylamide (HPAM) in brine
Review of friction reducers used in slickwater fracturing
When the molecular weight exceeds 1 × 10 7 g/mol, the DR rate reaches the maximum at a concentration of 200 mg/L; with a molecular weight of 5 × 10 6 g/mol, the maximum DR rate is obtained at a concentration of 600 mg/L. Given high molecular weight, HAWSP has a long backbone chain, which is beneficial for absorption and release of energy
High Molecular weight Anionic polyacrylamide for Bahrain
Polyacrylamide 9003-05-8. Polyacrylamide is non-toxic and with a high molecular weight and is highly water soluble, and can introduce a variety of ionic groups for adjusting the molecular weight to obtain specific performance; it has good adhesion to many solid surface and dissolved substances, and can adhere or bridge the suspended particles dispersed in the solution
Friction Reducers | Innospec Oilfield
While the HiRate MAXX 1250 offering is an anionic, high molecular weight polyacrylamide that performs optimally in fresh water when run as designed, it can also be used in some TDS waters to provide cost efficient friction reduction. HiRate MAXX 3250 is a high brine variant of the product family.